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Sirmione is well knowned for its warm water with its healing attributes.  The place is often referred as “ the pearl of the islands and peninsulas” due to Catullo.  The resort is situated on the south bank of Lake Garda, adjacent to a long and narrow peninsula that divides the gulfs of Desenzano and Peschiera.  The popularity of Sirmione can also be credited to writers such as Catullo, Stendhal, Lawrence and Goethe who admired its artistic and environmental beauty.  Remembered as “Mansio” (together with other public buildings subject to a decurion), after the collapse of the Roman Empire, Sirmione became part of the Longobard kingdom, and by the 12th century, it was administrated independently under Verona.  During the Scaligera regime, in 13th century, fortress and wall were built around the site, after that it passed to Venice in the XV century.  (By wjarek)

SIRMIONE, ITALY – MAY 5, 2016: View of colorful old buildings in Sirmione and Lake Garda from Scaliger castle wall, Italy

SIRMIONE, ITALY – MAY 5, 2016: View of Piazza Castello from the Scaliger Castle in Sirmione, Lake Garda, Italy

SIRMIONE, GARDA LAKE, ITALY – MAY 5, 2016: View of colorful old buildings in Sirmione and Lake Garda from Scaliger castle wall, Italy

SIRMIONE, ITALY – MAY 5, 2016: View of Piazza Castello from the Scaliger Castle in Sirmione, Lake Garda, Italy

SIRMIONE, ITALY – MAY 5, 2016: Medieval castle Scaliger in old town Sirmione on lake Lago di Garda. Italy

SIRMIONE, ITALY – MAY 5, 2016: Medieval castle Scaliger in old town Sirmione on lake Lago di Garda. Italy

The entry to the castle Scaliger in old town Sirmione on lake Lago di Garda. Italy

SIRMIONE, ITALY – MAY 5, 2016: Picturesque narrow town street in Sirmione, Lake Garda Italy.

SIRMIONE, ITALY – MAY 5, 2016: Sirmione, Italy. Show-window the shop of perfumery and spirits from a lavender. Italy takes the second place in the world on production of oil of a lavender

SIRMIONE, ITALY – MAY 5, 2016: Old house covered by ivy in Sirmione on Garda Lake, Italy

SIRMIONE, GARDA LAKE, ITALY – MAY 5, 2016: Old house covered by ivy in Sirmione on Garda Lake, Italy

SIRMIONE, ITALY – MAY 5, 2016: Piazza Catello in Sirmione, Lake Garda, Italy

SIRMIONE, ITALY – MAY 5, 2016: Sirmione – Italian small city on Garda lake with boats and castle

SIRMIONE, GARDA LAKE, ITALY – MAY 5, 2016: Backwater inside the Scaliger Castle – medieval port fortress, Sirmione, Italy

View of colorful old buildings in Sirmione and Lake Garda from Scaliger castle wall, Italy

Backwater inside the Scaliger Castle – medieval port fortress, Sirmione, Italy

Useful Reference

A Ferry Ride Back in Time to the Roman Villa Ruins on Lake Garda, Italy
By Bob Kollarand Janice Kollar

When we planned this vacation, the Sirmione Peninsula and the Roman Villa Ruins became a magnet and we scheduled a day trip back into history to visit an ancient vacation site of extremely wealthy Roman Citizens.

Planes, Trains, and Automobiles… but we choose the Ferry System

About 15 minutes from our hotel is the village of Salo’ which is the location of the ferry service docks. The ferry system offers scenic lake steamers or the more time efficient hydrofoils; all depending on your time constraints and budget.

We opted for the hydrofoil and caught the noon boat with two other stops before our destination. As we pulled away from the dock we began to notice white caps and a slight swell in the water which once again reminded us of the vast size of this lake… an hour later we were pulling into the docks at Sirmione.

A Brief History of Sirmione

The peninsula has a very long history, but we will spare you… in summary it went from a fishing village in the stone ages, to a vacation destination in the 1st century for very wealthy and powerful families from Verona, to a strategic military defensive position with a fortress in the 13th century, to an obsolete castle fortification in the 15th century that eventually became a storage facility by the 19th century.

Lemons into Lemoncello

After all that turbulence the inhabitants of Sirmione settled down to an idyllic agrarian life filled with olive trees, fruit orchards and lake fisheries. But at the end of the 19th century some enterprising individuals, using a metal pipe, figured out a way to tap into a thermal spring on the peninsula.

Let’s see… we have hot (158* F) mineral spring water, a castle, a collection of old churches, a piece of land with beautiful vistas on the largest lake in Italy topped off with a fairly intact Roman Villa/Bathhouse Ruins… a new tourist attraction was reborn on the peninsula.

A Stretch but Marketing Wins Over Accuracy

Their creative, entrepreneurial minds went into overdrive and the main attraction was now named the “Grottoes of Catullus”.

They took some liberties as there was actually no grotto but only a series of rundown buildings with collapsed walls and some caves. In addition, as far as the Catullus part goes… the villa was created circa 150 AD and the famous Italian poet Catullus had died almost 200 years before the villa was built… but that did not stop the show.

Once again tourism finds Sirmione and the crowds return to this ancient village… now complete with a medieval castle, three churches, spa hotels, thermal baths, restaurants, shopping areas and of course the famous Roman Villa/ Bathhouse Ruins.

The main plaza is right off the dock area and lined with souvenir shops and the more or less usual tourist dining options… but it is easy to find a good pizza in Italy and enjoy alfresco dining on red checkered table clothes.

The Scaliger Castle (Rocca Scaligera)

After a short walk from the plaza we found the advertised “fairy-tale-like-castle”… the 13th Century Scaliger Castle. The castle is surrounded by a moat and can be entered by two drawbridges. The drawbridges were built for defensive reasons to ward off invaders and also the locals.

Twelve Euros ($15) and about twenty minutes later we had “seen” the castle and walked the walls… onward to the next landmark… in search of the ruins as the signage was quite limited.

We observed that the crowds focused on the old town shopping and restaurant areas, the Scaliger Castle, and the three small churches (Sant’Anna della Rocca, San Pietro in Mavino, and the Santa Maria Maggiore).

After working our way through the crowds we spied an electric train that offered rides from the thermal spas to the entrance of the ruins. For one euro per person in each direction… a good deal as it is over a one kilometer walk up hill.

The further we were from those locations, the sparser the crowds. So going the extra mile paid off as the ruins were pretty much empty of foot traffic.

Grottoes of Catullus (Grotte di Catullo)

The grounds around the old villa ruins are about five acres in a park-like setting with wonderful vistas in every direction… finally we found the “it was worth the trouble to get here” moment and none too soon.

The entrance to the area was through a very well done archaeological museum that had exceptional displays in a multi floored structure. A picture is really worth a thousand words… needless to say the intact ruins were very impressive and justified the trip.

The Boat Back to Salo’

We returned to the dock area a little before our scheduled ferry back to Salo’ as it was the last one for the day and we did not want to miss it. There was an alternative ferry service called the “Taxi Boat Sirmione” but it came with a premium price tag.

Forming queues for anything in Italy is always an interesting experience. The tourists usually maintain something like a line and the Italians simply merge at the gate. So when the ferry approaches the dock all forms of discipline go out the window… some refer to this as chaos… we just smile, tighten the ranks and shuffle along.

In Summary

Our adventure on Lake Garda was coming to a very positive conclusion and our last dinner at the Hotel Bolsone Dimora was an exceptional culinary treat and perfect ending to our visit.

We are departing for Sestri Levante in the morning and heading further south to the Ligurian Coastline and the Mediterranean Sea.

Please follow us as we continue our “Ultimate European Road Trip Series” – Part Ten – Sestri Levante / Liguria Italy.

After all, what is the hurry… be inspired.

� 2016 Inspired Travel Itineraries with Bob and Janice Kollar

Bob and Janice are on their ultimate road trip through four countries in Europe and are driving their newly purchased Porsche Macan S for this adventure. Follow them through this journey on their webpage… http://inspiredtravelitineraries.com/

Article Source: http://EzineArticles.com/expert/Bob_Kollar/2126173
http://EzineArticles.com/?A-Ferry-Ride-Back-in-Time-to-the-Roman-Villa-Ruins-on-Lake-Garda,-Italy&id=9329531

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